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What is the Role of Science in Environmental Policies?

New York, NY


As young minds think of their environment, they usually think of trees and animals that live in nature. However, how often do they observe the effects of climate change in today’s society and what can they do to enhance sustainability within their community? People need to consider how different areas of science can contribute to environmental policies and decision-making.


Environmental policy is essentially the dedication of an organization, government, or corporation to the laws and management regarding environmental issues, specifically those measures that are meant to prevent the damaging effects of human activities on ecosystems. This system can consist of rules addressing problems such as air pollution, chemical spills, wildlife protection of endangered species, and ocean acidification. The main purposes and benefits of environmental policies include crucial checks on the federal arrangement, economic growth, the balance of environmental protection, and conservation of natural resources, which hopefully result in healthier environments.


Although it is not recognized by the entire population, science contributes to the development of numerous environmental solutions by evaluating the economic, social, and political consequences of suggested resolutions. Science also provides the information required to identify and understand how to create solutions to problems concerning the environment. The United States Environmental Protection Agency, otherwise known as the EPA, has goals to ensure that contaminated lands are cleaned up and national efforts to lower environmental risks are based on the most efficient available scientific research. The information that they discover plays a vital role in the organization’s actions and meets the highest standards for integrity and ethics. Thanks to the agency’s efforts, some effective outcomes such as cleaner air, better chemical screening, and safer water sources have been achieved.


To enter this field of environmental studies, analytical skills, self-discipline, and interpersonal skills are critical qualities a person should possess. Many who aim to pursue a career in this industry earn a bachelor’s degree in environmental science or a related field such as microbiology, chemistry, physics, geology, or engineering. Social sciences subjects in environmental policy and public administration are useful for gaining knowledge about the political aspects of this field as well. This journey can often lead to a master’s degree for further advancement or a Ph.D., especially for those who would like to pursue an advanced academic career.


Overall, environmental research and sustainable strategies are constantly being developed. There are also ways that one can improve an environmental policy and its impacts just by making your voice heard and expressing an environmental cause that you are genuinely passionate about.

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