Formula 1 has the most powerful engines with the biggest budgets in motorsports history. The F1 engine is the epitome of cutting-edge technology and science and is the most critical component of an F1 race car. In spite of many regulations, there is much room for experimentation, and the engines have different performance levels, modes, and driving characteristics.
F1 engines are four-stroke, turbocharged 1.6-liter V6s. Each cylinder is designed with two inlet and exhaust valves, and it has a 90-degree V-shaped arrangement of cylinders. By using a compressor, the turbocharger pressure charges the engine. The combined power output of the petrol and electric elements is around 1,000bhp and the engine runs at 15,000rpm - significantly more than normal road cars. Depending on the amount of drag, an F1 car can go from 0-60mph in around 2.6 seconds and reach 378 kph.
Additionally, energy from the exhaust and brakes is converted into electricity by the ERS, which either powers the electric motors directly or stores it in a battery for later use as an added boost. For Each lap, only 33 seconds of maximum power boost are allowed to be generated by the system.
Moreover, these cars do not require a special type of fuel, but the fuel is tuned to deliver optimum performance. The cars use fuel made up of compounds normally found in commercial fuels. Nowadays, advanced sustainable ethanol must make up at least 10 percent of the fuel. The cars reportedly go through around 135 liters of fuel during a race.
Lastly, the engines are also among the most advanced and powerful in the world. The engine-making process requires a great deal of scrutiny and attention to detail. In the future, these engines will be known as the best ever built.